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iris-django-template

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Iris python first experience django template

What's new in this version

Initial Release

iris-django-template

django_logo

Description

This is a template for an Django application that can be deployed in IRIS as an native Web Application.

Installation

  1. Clone the repository
  2. Create a virtual environment
  3. Install the requirements
  4. Run the docker-compose file
git clone
cd iris-django-template
python3 -m venv .venv
source .venv/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt
docker-compose up

Usage

The base URL is http://localhost:53795/django/.

Endpoints

  • /iris - Returns a JSON object with the top 10 classes present in the IRISAPP namespace.
  • /interop - A ping endpoint to test the interoperability framework of IRIS.
  • /api/posts - A simple CRUD endpoint for a Post object.
  • /api/comments - A simple CRUD endpoint for a Comment object.

How to develop from this template

See WSGI introduction article: wsgi-introduction.

TL;DR : You can toggle the DEBUG flag in the Security portal to make changes to be reflected in the application as you develop.

Code presentation

The Django application is structured as follows:

  • app - Django project folder
    • app - Django app folder for configuration
      • settings.py - Django settings file
      • urls.py - Django URL configuration file to connect the views to the URLs
      • wsgi.py - Django WSGI file
      • asgi.py - Django ASGI file
    • community - Django app folder for the community app, crud on Post and Comment objects
      • models.py - Django models file for the Post and Comment objects
      • views.py - Django views file to access the Post and Comment objects
      • serializers.py - Django serializers file for the Post and Comment objects
      • admin.py - Django admin file add crud to the admin interface
      • migrations - Django migrations folder to build the database
      • fixtures - Django fixtures folder demo data
    • sqloniris - Django app folder for the SQL on IRIS app
      • views.py - Django views file to query the IRISAPP namespace
      • apps.py - Django app configuration file
    • interop - Django app folder for the interoperability app
      • views.py - Django views file to test the interoperability framework
      • apps.py - Django app configuration file
    • manage.py - Django management file

app/settings.py

This file contains the Django settings for the application.

...

Application definition

INSTALLED_APPS = [
'django.contrib.admin',
'django.contrib.auth',
'django.contrib.contenttypes',
'django.contrib.sessions',
'django.contrib.messages',
'django.contrib.staticfiles',
'community',
'sqloniris',
'interop',
'rest_framework'
]

...

REST_FRAMEWORK = {
# Use Django's standard django.contrib.auth permissions,
# or allow read-only access for unauthenticated users.
'DEFAULT_PERMISSION_CLASSES': [
'rest_framework.permissions.DjangoModelPermissionsOrAnonReadOnly'
],
'DEFAULT_PAGINATION_CLASS': 'rest_framework.pagination.LimitOffsetPagination',
'PAGE_SIZE': 20
}

...

DATABASES = {
"default": {
"ENGINE": "django_iris",
"EMBEDDED": True,
"NAMESPACE": "IRISAPP",
"USER":"SuperUser",
"PASSWORD":"SYS",
}
}

Few important settings to note:

  • INSTALLED_APPS - Contains the list of installed apps in the Django project.
    • community - The Django app for the CRUD operations on the Post and Comment objects.
    • sqloniris - The Django app for the SQL on IRIS operations.
    • interop - The Django app for the interoperability operations.
    • rest_framework - The Django REST framework for the REST API.
  • REST_FRAMEWORK - Contains the settings for the Django REST framework.
    • DEFAULT_PERMISSION_CLASSES - Only authenticated users can perform CRUD operations.
    • DEFAULT_PAGINATION_CLASS - The pagination class for the REST API.
  • DATABASES - Contains the settings for the IRIS database connection.
    • Here we are using the django_iris engine to connect to the IRIS database.

app/urls.py

This file contains the URL configuration for the Django application.

from django.contrib import admin
from django.urls import path,include
from rest_framework import routers
from community.views import PostViewSet, CommentViewSet
from sqloniris.views import index
from interop.views import index as interop_index

router = routers.DefaultRouter()
router.register(r'posts', PostViewSet)
router.register(r'comments', CommentViewSet)

urlpatterns = [
path('admin/', admin.site.urls),
path('api/', include(router.urls)),
path('iris/', index),
path('interop/', interop_index)
]

  • router - Contains the default router for the REST API.
  • routeer.register - Registers the Post and Comment viewsets to the router.
  • urlpatterns - Contains the URL patterns for the Django application.
    • /admin/ - The Django admin interface.
    • /api/ - The REST API for the Post and Comment objects.
    • /iris/ - The SQL on IRIS endpoint.
    • /interop/ - The interoperability endpoint.

app/wsgi.py

This file contains the WSGI configuration for the Django application.

This is the file that we have to provide to IRIS to run the Django application.

In the Security->Applications->Web Applications section, we have to provide the path to this file.

  • Application Name
    • app.wsgi
  • Callable Name
    • application
  • WSGI App directory
    • /irisdev/app/app

community/models.py

This file contains the Django models for the Post and Comment objects.

from django.db import models

Create your models here.

class Post(models.Model):
title = models.CharField(max_length=100)
content = models.TextField()

class Comment(models.Model):
content = models.TextField()
post = models.ForeignKey(Post, on_delete=models.CASCADE, related_name='comments')

  • Post - The model for the Post object.
    • title - The title of the post.
    • content - The content of the post.
  • Comment - The model for the Comment object.
    • content - The content of the comment.
    • post - The foreign key to the Post object.
    • related_name - The related name for the comments.

community/seializers.py

This file contains the Django serializers for the Post and Comment objects.

Using the Django REST framework, we can serialize the Django models to JSON objects.

from rest_framework import serializers
from community.models import Post, Comment

class PostSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
class Meta:
model = Post
fields = ('id', 'title', 'content', 'comments')

class CommentSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
class Meta:
model = Comment
fields = ('id', 'content', 'post')

  • PostSerializer - The serializer for the Post object.
  • CommentSerializer - The serializer for the Comment object.
  • fields - The fields to be serialized.

community/views.py

This file contains the Django views for the Post and Comment objects.

Using the Django REST framework, we can create CRUD operations for the Django models.

from django.shortcuts import render
from rest_framework import viewsets

Import the Post and Comment models

from community.models import Post, Comment

Import the Post and Comment serializers

from community.serializers import PostSerializer, CommentSerializer

Create your views here.

class PostViewSet(viewsets.ModelViewSet):
queryset = Post.objects.all()
serializer_class = PostSerializer

class CommentViewSet(viewsets.ModelViewSet):
queryset = Comment.objects.all()
serializer_class = CommentSerializer

  • PostViewSet - The viewset for the Post object.
  • CommentViewSet - The viewset for the Comment object.
  • queryset - The queryset for the viewset.
  • serializer_class - The serializer class for the viewset.

sqloniris/views.py

This file contains the Django views for the SQL on IRIS operations.

from django.http import JsonResponse

import iris

def index(request):
query = "SELECT top 10 * FROM %Dictionary.ClassDefinition"
rs = iris.sql.exec(query)
# Convert the result to a list of dictionaries
result = []
for row in rs:
result.append(row)
return JsonResponse(result, safe=False)

  • index - The view for the SQL on IRIS operation.
  • query - The SQL query to be executed on the IRIS database.
  • rs - The result set from the query.
  • result - The list of list from the result set.
  • JsonResponse - The JSON response for the view, safe is set to False to allow list of list.

interop/views.py

This file contains the Django views for the interoperability operations.

from django.http import HttpResponse

from iop import Director

bs = Director.create_python_business_service('BS')

def index(request):
result = bs.on_process_input(request)
return HttpResponse(result, safe=False)

  • bs - The business service object created using the Director class.
  • index - The view for the interoperability operation.
  • result - The result from the business service.

NB : we don’t use JsonResponse to simplify the code, we can use it if we want to return a JSON object.

Troubleshooting

How to run the Django application in a standalone mode

To run the Django application in a standalone mode, we can use the following command:

cd /irisdev/app/app
python3 manage.py runserver 8001

This will run the Django application on the default port 8001.

NB : You must be inside of the container to run this command.

docker exec -it iris-django-template-iris-1 bash

Restart the application in IRIS

Be in DEBUG mode make multiple calls to the application, and the changes will be reflected in the application.

How to access the IRIS Management Portal

You can access the IRIS Management Portal by going to http://localhost:53795/csp/sys/UtilHome.csp.

Run this template locally

For this you need to have IRIS installed on your machine.

Next you need to create a namespace named IRISAPP.

Install the requirements.

# Move to the app directory
cd /irisdev/app/app

python manage.py flush --no-input

python3 manage.py migrate

create superuser

export DJANGO_SUPERUSER_PASSWORD=SYS
python3 manage.py createsuperuser --no-input --username SuperUser --email admin@admin.fr

load demo data

python3 manage.py loaddata community/fixtures/demo.json

collect static files

python3 manage.py collectstatic --no-input --clear

init iop

iop --init

load production

iop -m /irisdev/app/app/interop/settings.py

start production

iop --start Python.Production

How to serve static files

To serve the static files in the Django application, we can use the following command:

cd /irisdev/app
python3 manage.py collectstatic

This will collect the static files from the Django application and serve them in the /irisdev/app/static directory.

To publish the static files in IRIS, configure the Security->Applications->Web Applications section.

web_applications

Made with
Version
1.0.025 Jun, 2024
Category
Template
Works with
InterSystems IRIS
First published
25 Jun, 2024
Last checked by moderator
02 Jul, 2024Doesn't work