Perftools IO Test Suite

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What's new in this version

Initial Release

Purpose

This pair of tools (RanRead and RanWrite) is used to generate random read and write events within a database (or pair of databases) to test Input/Output operations per second (IOPS). They can be used either in conjunction or separately to test IO hardware capacity, validate target IOPS, and ensure acceptable disk response times are sustained. Results gathered from the IO tests will vary from configuration to configuration based on the IO sub-system. Before running these tests ensure corresponding operating system and storage level monitoring are configured to capture IO performance metrics for later analysis. The suggested method is by running the System Performance tool that comes bundled within IRIS. Please note that this is an update to a previous release, which can be found here.

Installation

Download the PerfTools.RanRead.xml and PerfTools.RanWrite.xml tools from GitHub here.

Import tools into USER namespace.

USER> do $system.OBJ.Load("/tmp/PerfTools.RanRead.xml","ckf")
USER> do $system.OBJ.Load("/tmp/PerfTools.RanWrite.xml","ckf")

Run the Help method to see all entry points. All commands are run in USER.

USER> do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Help()
  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Setup(Directory,DatabaseName,SizeGB,LogLevel)
    Creates database and namespace with the same name. The log level must be in the range of 0 to 3, where 0 is "none" and 3 is "verbose".

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Run(Directory,Processes,Count,Mode)
    Run the random read IO test. Mode is 1 (default) for time in seconds, 2 for iterations, referring to the prior Count parameter

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Stop()
    Terminates all background jobs.

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Reset()
    Deletes statistics of prior runs. This is important to run between tests because otherwise statistics of prior runs are averaged into the current one.

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Purge(Directory)
    Deletes namespace and database of the same name.

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Export(Directory)
    Exports a summary of all random read test history to comma delimited text file.

 USER> do ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Help()
  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Setup(Directory,DatabaseName)
    Creates database and namespace with the same name.

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Run(Directory,NumProcs,RunTime,HangTime,HangVariationPct,Global name length,Global node depth,Global subnode length)
    Run the random write IO test. All parameters other than the directory have defaults.

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Stop()
    Terminates all background jobs.

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Reset()
    Deletes statistics of prior runs.

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Purge(Directory)
    Deletes namespace and database of the same name.

  • do ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Export(Directory)
    Exports a summary of all random write test history to comma delimited text file.

Setup

Create an empty (pre-expanded) database called RAN at least twice the size of the memory of the physical host to be tested. Ensure empty database is at least four times the storage controller cache size. The database needs to be larger than memory to ensure reads are not cached in file system cache. You can create manually or use the following method to automatically create a namespace and database.

USER> do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Setup("/ISC/tests/TMP","RAN",200,1)

Created directory /ISC/tests/TMP/
Creating 200GB database in /ISC/tests/TMP/
Database created in /ISC/tests/TMP/

NOTE: One can use the same database for both RanRead and RanWrite, or use separate ones if intending to test multiple disks at once or for specific purposes. The RanRead code allows one to specify the size of the database, but the RanWrite code does not, so it's probably best to use the RanRead Setup command for creating any pre-sized databases desired even if one will use the database with RanWrite.

Methodology

Start with a small number of processes and 30-60 second run times. Then increase the number of processes, e.g. start at 10 jobs and increase by 10, 20, 40 etc. Continue running the individual tests until response time is consistently over 10ms or calculated IOPS is no longer increasing in a linear way.

The tool uses the ObjectScript VIEW command which reads database blocks in memory so if you are not getting your expected results then perhaps all the database blocks are already in memory.

As a guide, the following response times for 8KB and 64KB Database Random Reads (non-cached) are usually acceptable for all-flash arrays:

  • Average <= 2ms
  • Not to exceed <= 5ms

Run

For RanRead, execute the Run method increasing the number of processes and taking note of the response time as you go. The primary driver of IOPS for RanRead is the number of processes.

USER> do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Run("/ISC/tests/TMP",5,60)

InterSystems Random Read IO Performance Tool

RanRead process 11742 creating 5 worker processes in the background.
  Prepped RanReadJob 11768 for parent 11742
  Prepped RanReadJob 11769 for parent 11742
  Prepped RanReadJob 11770 for parent 11742
  Prepped RanReadJob 11771 for parent 11742
  Prepped RanReadJob 11772 for parent 11742
Starting 5 processes for RanRead job number 11742 now!
To terminate run: do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Stop()
Waiting to finish...............................................................
Random read background jobs finished for parent 11742
RanRead job 11742's 5 processes (62.856814 seconds) average response time = 1.23ms
Calculated IOPS for RanRead job 11742 = 4065

The Mode parameter for the Run command defaults to mode 1, which uses the Count parameter (60 in the above example) as seconds. Setting Mode to 2 will read the Count parameter as a number of iterations per process, so if it's set to 100,000 each of the 5 jobs would read from the database 100,000 times. That is the mode originally used by this software, but the timed runs allow for more precise coordination with monitoring tools such as System Performance, which are also timed, and the RanWrite tool.

For RanWrite, execute the Run method decreasing the Hangtime parameter. That parameter indicates the wait time between writes in seconds, and is the primary driver of IOPS for RanWrite. One can also increase the number of processes as a driver for IOPS.

USER> do ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Run("/ISC/tests/TMP",1,60,.001)

RanWrite process 11742 creating 1 worker processes in the background.
  Prepped RanWriteJob 12100 for parent 11742
Starting 1 processes for RanWrite job number 11742 now!
To terminate run: do ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Stop()
Waiting to finish...............................................................
Random write background jobs finished for parent 11742
RanWrite job 11742's 1 processes (60 seconds) had average response time = .912ms
Calculated IOPS for RanWrite job 11742 = 1096

The other parameters for RanWrite can usually be left at their default values outside of unusual circumstances. Those parameters are:

  • HangVariationPct: The variance on the hangtime parameter, used to mimic uncertainty; it's a percentage of the prior parameter
  • Global name length: RanWrite randomly chooses a Global name, and this is the length of that name. E.g. if it's set to 6, the Global may look like Xr6opg
  • Global node depth and Global subnode length: The top Global is not the one that's filled. What's actually filled is sub-nodes, so setting these values to 2 and 4 would result in a command like "set ^Xr6opg("drb7","xt8v") = [value]". The purpose of these two parameters and the Global name length are all to ensure that the same global isn't being set over and over, which would result in minimal IO events

In order to run RanRead and RanWrite together, instead of "do", use the "job" command for both of them to run them in the background.

Results

In order to acquire the simple results for each run that are saved in USER in SQL table PerfTools.RanRead and PerfTools.RanWrite, use the Export command for each tool as follows.

To export the result set to a comma delimited text file (csv) run the following:

USER> do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Export("/ISC/tests/TMP/ ")

Exporting summary of all random read statistics to /ISC/tests/TMP/PerfToolsRanRead_20221023-1408.txt
Done.

Analysis

It is recommended that one use the built-in SystemPerformance tool to acquire true understanding of the system being analyzed. Commands to SystemPerformance need to be run in the %SYS namespace. To switch to that, use the ZN command:

USER> ZN "%SYS"

To find details on any bottlenecks in a system, or if one requires more details about how it runs at its target IOPS, one should create a SystemPerformance profile with high cadence data acquisition:

%SYS> set rc=$$addprofile^SystemPerformance("5minhighdef","A 5-minute run sampling every second",1,300)

Then run that profile (from %SYS) and immediately switch back to USER and start RanRead and/or RanWrite using "job" rather than "do":

%SYS>set runid=$$run^SystemPerformance("5minhighdef")
%SYS> ZN "USER"
USER> job ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Run("/ISC/tests/TMP",5,60)
USER> job ##class(PerfTools.RanWrite).Run("/ISC/tests/TMP",1,60,.001)

One can then wait for the SystemPerformance job to end, and analyze the resultant html file using tools such as yaspe.

Clean Up

After finished running the tests remove the history by running:

USER> do ##class(PerfTools.RanRead).Reset()
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Version
1.0.0
Last updated
2022-11-03
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