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Using OAuth2 framework in InterSystems IRIS. Learn how to act as Client, Authentication Server or Resource Server.

What's new in this version

Initial Release

Using OAuth2 framework in InterSystems IRIS. Learn how to act as Client, Authentication Server or Resource Server in different scenarios.

Setup

Modify your local hosts file

Add a line to resolve webserver to 127.0.0.1

127.0.0.1 webserver

You can find your hosts file in:

O.S. File
MacOS /private/etc/hosts
Windows c:\Windows\System32\Drivers\etc\hosts

Certificate

  • There is already a self-signed certificate generated in webserver/ssl-cert.pem, webserver/ssl-cert.key.
  • You can use this certificate for test purposes.
  • You will need to allow this certificate when navigating using a Web Browser (Safari, Chrome, etc.)

The certificate has been generated using:

cd webserver
openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout ssl-cert.key -out ssl-cert.pem -nodes -sha256 -days 999 -subj "/CN=webserver"

Run

Build images:

docker compose build

Run containers:

docker compose up -d

Overview

You will set up some examples using OAuth2 authorization framework and InterSystems IRIS.

In this examples, you will learn how InterSystems IRIS can act as different roles in the OAuth2 framework.

After running containers, you should get access to:

Container URL Notes
webserver https://webserver/csp/bin/Systems/Module.cxw HTTPS access to all IRIS instances
authserver https://webserver/authserver/csp/sys/UtilHome.csp IRIS instance that will act as Authorization Server
resserver https://webserver/resserver/csp/sys/UtilHome.csp IRIS instance that will act as Resource Server
client https://webserver/client/csp/sys/UtilHome.csp IRIS instance that will act as Client
angular-client http://localhost:8080/ Angular application that will act as Client

You can login in InterSystems IRIS instances using superuser/SYS.

Roles

  • Resource owner — Usually a user.
  • Resource server — A server that hosts protected data and/or services.
  • Client — An application that requests limited access to a resource server. This can be a client-server application or can be an application that has no server (such as a JavaScript application or mobile application).
  • Authorization server — A server that is responsible for issuing access tokens, with which the client can access the resource server. This server can be the same application as the authorization server but can also be a different application.

Grant types and flows

A grant type specifies how the authorization server should process the request for authorization. The client specifies the grant type within the initial request to the authorization server.

You can find more information in the documentation.

Scopes

Scopes are a mechanism in OAuth 2.0 to limit access.

A client can request one or more scopes, this information is displayed to the user in the consent screen. Finally, the access token issued to the application will be limited to the scopes granted.

OAuth and OpenID Connect

Authentication is the process of verifying that users are who they say they are.

Authorization is the process of giving those users permission to access resources.

OAuth is an authorization framework. OAuth specifies access tokens, used when an app has been authorized.

OpenID Connect (OIDC) is extension to OAuth 2.0 to handle authentication. To request authentication, the client includes the openid scope value in the request to the authorization server.

OIDC specifies IDTokens, used when a user has been authenticated.

There are some OIDC specific scopes:

Scope Description
openid Returns sub (uniquely identifies the user), iss, aud, exp, iat, and at_hash claims
profile Profile information like including name, family_name, given_name
email email claim

Scenario: REST API

In this scenario, you will secure a REST API (protected resource) that will be accessed from a registered client (Postman).

You will use Client Credentials OAuth grant type.

Authorization Server

You need to create an OAuth server definition in AuthServer. It can be done using the management portal or using OAuth2.* classes.

For convenience, you will use an utility that is already prepared with some settings.

Open a terminal session:

docker exec -it authserver bash
iris session iris

Create the OAuth server definition with the utility which uses OAuth2.* classes:

zn "AUTHSERVER"
do ##class(auth.server.Utils).CreateServerConfig()

Have a look at the OAuth Server definition in System Administration > Security > OAuth 2.0 > Server and check:

Supported grant types

  • These are the grant types that your auth server will support.
  • There are different grant types suitable for different scenarios. For example, for a REST API you could use client credentials, and for web applications the authorization code.

Scopes

  • A client can request one or more scopes. This information is displayed to the user in the consent screen.
  • You can define your own scopes.
  • Your auth server will also support OIDC scopes.

JWT Settings

  • Algorithms used to sign and encrypt access token (JSON Web Token - JWT).

Customization

  • You can customize the behaviour of your auth server.
  • In this case, customizations will be done in AUTHSERVER namespace.
  • auth.server.Authenticate can customize different methods like:
    • BeforeAuthenticate, AfterAuthenticate
    • DisplayLogin - customize login page that will be presented to users when authenticating
    • DisplayPermissions - customize consent page that will presented to users when consenting scopes
  • auth.server.Validate also can customize methods like:
    • ValidateUser - this is actually how users are authenticated in the system. By default it authenticates based on users created on the InterSystems IRIS instance. However you can write any other behaviour you need.

After defining the server, a new /oauth2 web application has been created.
The OpenID URL for the server is available at: https://webserver/authserver/oauth2/.well-known/openid-configuration

Resource Server

REST API

Secure REST API

The REST API will be an OAuth resource server in the ResServer instance.

Create a dynamic OAuth server definition. This also is a reference to the authentication server created before:

  • Go to System Administration > Security > OAuth 2.0 > Client > Client Configurations > Create Client Configuration
  • Issuer endpoint: https://webserver/authserver/oauth2
  • SSL/TLS configuration: ssl

Create an OAuth client definiton. This client definition represents the resource server:

  • Application name: resserver
  • Client name: resserver
  • Client type: Resource Server
  • SSL/TLS configuration: ssl

Delegated authentication in the REST API

  • You can use delegated authentication in IRIS to control exactly the username and roles of the code executing in your REST API.
  • The REST API is also accesible using /protected-resources-delegated to leverage delegated authentication.
  • It uses ZAUTHENTICATE.mac routine to validate OAuth token and create delegated IRIS users that will run your code.
  • You will be able to check the differences while testing your REST API.
  • You can find more information about that in REST Applications and OAuth 2.0

Client

You have now to register the client that will be able to ask for tokens and access the resource server.

  • In AuthServer, go to System Administration > Security > OAuth 2.0 > Server > Client Descriptions
  • Create a client description for our Postman client as follows.
  • In the Client Credentials tab, copy Client ID and Client Secret values. You will use these values in Postman.

Test

In Postman, do the following:

  • Import IRISOAuth2.postman_collection.json in Postman.
  • Test the Access Protected Resources using Client Credentials request.
  • In the Authorization tab of the request, copy the values of Client ID and Client Secret.
  • After that, get a new token and then access the protected resources:

In case you want to have a look at what is happening in the authorization server while getting the token, you can active log messages:

docker exec -it authserver bash
iris session iris
zn "AUTHSERVER"

set ^%ISCLOG=5
zn "%SYS"
do ##class(%OAuth2.Utils).DisplayLog("/app/authserver-debug.log")
kill ^ISCLOG

Scenario: simple web page

In this scenario you will secure a simple web page (in IRIS) that will allow different users to access protected resources.

You will use Authorization Code OAuth grant type.

Authorization Server

We will use the same configuration as in the previous scenario.
Have a look at the Authorization Server definition in System Administration > Security > OAuth 2.0 > Server.

Resource Server

We will also use the same resource server configuration as in the previous scenario.

Client

Simple Web Page

  • There is a simple web page implemented in IRIS Client instance.
  • Check the source code at client.Application
  • This simple web page handle user authorization, displays info about authorization and uses the access token to access protected resources from resource server.
  • This web application is controlled by the web application definition in /application

Secure Simple Web Page

You have to create client definition in the Client instance to register the simple web application that will act as client.

Create a dynamic OAuth server definition:

  • Go to System Administration > Security > OAuth 2.0 > Client > Client Configurations > Create Client Configuration
  • Issuer endpoint: https://webserver/authserver/oauth2
  • SSL/TLS configuration: ssl

Create an OAuth client definition. This definition describes and registers a client that will use the authorization server:

  • Application name: simple-web-page
  • Client name: simple-web-page
  • Client type: Confidential
  • SSL/TLS configuration: ssl
  • Client redirect URL:
    • Use TLS: yes
    • Hostname: webserver
    • Prefix: client
  • Click on Dynamic Registration and Save.

Test

You should get something like that:

Scenario: Angular application

In this scenario, you will secure an Angular application that will handle user authorization and then let them access protected resources.

You will use a Authorization Code + Proof Key Code Exchange (PKCE) OAuth grant type in this case.

Authorization Server

We will use the same configuration as in the previous scenario.
Have a look at the Authorization Server definition in System Administration > Security > OAuth 2.0 > Server.

Resource Server

We will also use the same resource server configuration as in the previous scenario.

Client

Angular Application

  • You will find the Angular application source code in /angular-client directory.
  • It uses the angular-auth-oidc-client to handle OAuth authorization.
  • The application allows users to authorize, displays authorizaton info and also allows users to access protected resources using access token.

Secure Angular Application

  • You need to register the client that represents the Angular application in the Authorization Server.
  • In this case, you will use a util that creates the client for you (because it needs an specific ClientId that is used in the angular app).
  • You can created client in AuthServer, go to System Administration > Security > OAuth 2.0 > Server > Client Descriptions

To create the client run the following:

docker exec -it authserver bash
iris session iris
zn "AUTHSERVER"
do ##class(auth.server.Utils).CreateAngularAppClient()

Test

You shoul be able to get something like that:

Made with
Version
1.0.004 May, 2023
Category
Technology Example
Works with
InterSystems IRISInterSystems IRIS for Health
First published
31 Mar, 2022
Last checked by moderator
27 Jun, 2023Works