RabbitMQ adapter

Version history
InterSystems IRIS adapter for RabbitMQ


Ensemble adapter for RabbitMQ


  1. Install java 1.8.

  2. Get the JAR: build RabbitMQ-Ensemble-javaapi or download latest jar.

  3. Create (or use any existing one) Java gateway. To create one go to SMP > System Administration > Configuration > Connectivity > Object Gateways. Remember the Port value.

  4. Start Java Gateway.

  5. In a terminal in a target namespace execute:

    Set class = "isc.rabbitmq.API"
    Set classPath = ##class(%ListOfDataTypes).%New()
    Do classPath.Insert(PATH-TO-JAR)
    Set gateway = ##class(%Net.Remote.Gateway).%New() 
    Set sc = gateway.%Connect("localhost", PORT, $Namespace, 2, classPath)
    Set sc = gateway.%Import(class)
    Write ##class(%Dictionary.CompiledClass).%ExistsId(class)
  6. In the namespace isc.rabbitmq.API class should be present and compiled.

  7. Import this project and compile.

  8. For samples refer to the test production isc.rabbitMQ.Production.


Development is done on Cache-Tort-Git UDL fork

Interoperability adapter

isc.rabbitmq package provides all traditional Interoperability components: Inbound and Outbound Adapters and Operation/Service.

For RabbitMQ to function Java Gateway is required. It can be run in three different ways:

  • As Interoperability Service
  • As Object Gateway from SMP
  • From OS bash

For Interoperability production we recommend running Java Gateway as Interoperability Service. To do that add new EnsLib.JavaGateway.Service service to your production. In RabbitMQ production elements select Java Gateway Service name as a value for JGService setting.

ClassPath for all these elements must contain the paths to amqp jar and RabbitMQ-Ensemble-javaapi jar.


Check isc.rabbitmq.Utils for sample code. The main class is isc.rabbitmq.API. It has the following methods.


Method Arguments Returns Description
%OnNew gateway, host, port, user, pass, virtualHost, queue, durable, exchange api Creates new connection to RabbitMQ
sendMessage msg, correlationId, messageId null Sends message to default queue (as specified in %OnNew)
sendMessageToQueue queue, msg, correlationId, messageId null Sends message to the specified queue
readMessageString - props Reads message from default queue. Returns list of message properties (including message text)
readMessageStream props msg Reads message from default queue. Returns message text as a stream and props is populated with a list of message properties
close - - Closes the connection


Argument Java type InterSystems type Value Required Description
gateway - %Net.Remote.Gateway - Yes Connection to Java Gateway
host String %String localhost Yes Address of RabbitMQ server or amqp:\\ connection string
port int %Integer -1 Yes RabbitMQ listener port
user String %String guest Yes Username
pass String %String guest Yes Password
virtualHost String %String / Yes Virtual host
queue String %String Test Yes Queue name
durable int %Integer 1 Required only if you want to create new queue The queue will survive a server restart
exchange String %String Test No Exchange name. Provide only for sending messages. Modifies the meaning of queue property (if exchange is present, then queue means routing key)
msg byte[] %GlobalBinaryStream Text Yes Message body
correlationId String %String CorrelationId Required only with messageId Correlation identifier
messageId String %String MessageId Required only with correlationId Message identifier
props String[] %ListOfDataTypes - Yes List of message properties
api isc.rabbitmq.API isc.rabbitmq.API - - API object


Java Gateway

First you need a Java Gateway object (hereinafter: gateway). For example you can get it using this method:

/// Get JGW object
ClassMethod Connect(gatewayName As %String, path As %String, Output sc As %Status) As %Net.Remote.Gateway
	Set gateway = ""
	Set sc = ##class(%Net.Remote.Service).OpenGateway(gatewayName, .gatewayConfig)
	Quit:$$$ISERR(sc) gateway
	Set sc = ##class(%Net.Remote.Service).ConnectGateway(gatewayConfig, .gateway, path, $$$YES)
	Quit gateway


  • gatewayName - is name of Java Gateway (it would be started automatically)
  • path - path to JAR


Now that Java Gateway connection is established we can connect to RabbitMQ:

ClassMethod GetAPI(gateway As %Net.Remote.Gateway) As isc.rabbitmq.API
	Set host = "localhost"
	Set port = -1
	Set user = "guest"
	Set pass = "guest"
	Set virtualHost = "/"
	Set queue = "Test"
	Set durable = $$$YES
	Set api = ##class(isc.rabbitmq.API).%New(gateway, host, port, user, pass, virtualHost, queue, durable)
	Quit api

All parameters are described in the table above. Note that durable argument is used only if you're creating a new queue. If the queue alreay exists you should still provide it (0 or 1) but it won't be used.

Sending messages

Assuming you already have api object, sending messages can be done by one of two ways:

  • sending messages to default queue
  • sending messages to specified queue

Sending messages to default queue

Default queue is a queue specified during creation of the api object. To send a message just call sendMessage or sendMessageId:

#Dim api As isc.rabbitmq.API
#Dim msg As %GlobalBinaryStream
Do api.sendMessage(msg)
Do api.sendMessageId(msg, "correlationId", "messageId " _ $zdt($zts,3,1,3))

Where stream is a message body. You can either provide both messageId and correlationId or non of them.

Sending messages to specified queue

Everything is the same as above, except you call sendMessageToQueue \ sendMessageToQueueId method and the first argument is the name of the queue.

Reading messages

Messages are always read from the default queue (specified at creation of the api object). Message body can be received as text or as a stream.

Reading message as a stream

First you need to prepare props to pass by reference into Java and then call readMessageStream:

#Dim api As isc.rabbitmq.API
#Dim msg As %GlobalBinaryStream
#Dim props As %ListOfDataTypes
Set props = ##class(%ListOfDataTypes).%New()
For i=1:1:15 Do props.Insert("")
Set msg = api.readMessageStream(.props)

props would be filled with message metainformation, and msg is a stream containig message body.

Reading message as a string

#Dim api As isc.rabbitmq.API
#Dim props As %ListOfDataTypes
Set props = api.readMessageString()

props would be filled with message metainformation and message body, note that you don't need to initialize it on the InterSystems side before calling RabbitMQ.


Elements appearing in props. All of them besides first and second are optional. Conversion from list into RabbitMQ.Message is available in the ListToMessage method of RabbitMQ.InboundAdapter class.

Position Name Description
1 Message Length Length of a current message
2 Message Count Number of remaining messages
3 ContentType
4 ContentEncoding
5 CorrelationId
6 ReplyTo
7 Expiration
8 MessageId
9 Type
10 UserId
11 AppId
12 ClusterId
13 DeliveryMode
14 Priority
15 Timestamp
16 Message body If message is read as a string, this element would contain it
Works with
CachéEnsembleInterSystems IRIS
Last updated